Ghost, Mudvayne, Ice Cube, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • Slipknot
  • Disturbed
  • Ghost
  • Mudvayne
  • Ice Cube
  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Halestorm
  • Lamb Of God
  • Alice Cooper
  • Tenacious D
  • Falling In Reverse
  • I Prevail
  • Stone Temple Pilots
  • Seether
  • Gojira
  • Underoath
  • New Found Glory
  • Pennywise
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Pierce The Veil
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Daughtry
  • Jelly Roll
  • Down
  • Nelly
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Nothing More
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Wage War
  • Pop Evil
  • Badflower
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • Insane Clown Posse
  • In Flames
  • GWAR
  • John 5
  • God Forbid
  • Apocalyptica
  • Spiritbox
  • Grandson
  • Fever 333
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Kittie
  • Hatebreed
  • Silverstein
  • Queensrÿche
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • 3OH!3
  • Baroness
  • Buckcherry
  • Hoobastank
  • Hinder
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Enter Shikari
  • Fit For A King
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Zero 9:36
  • Suicide Silence
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Red
  • Mushroomhead
  • Powerman 5000
  • The Plot In You
  • Alien Ant Farm
  • Lacey Sturm
  • Dayseeker
  • Texas In July
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • Counterparts
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • Sion
  • ERRA
  • Bleeding Through
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Stray From The Path
  • Tetrarch
  • Attack Attack!
  • Nita Strauss
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • The Word Alive
  • Silent Planet
  • Crowbar
  • Otherwise
  • Twiztid
  • Point North
  • Jeris Johnson
  • Project 86
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Icon For Hire
  • Palisades
  • Siamese
  • Holding Absence
  • Hollow Front
  • Orbit Culture
  • Vended
  • Close Your Eyes
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Emo Nite Brooklyn
  • Solence
  • Brand Of Sacrifice
  • Dying Wish
  • Alpha Wolf
  • The Dead Daisies
  • Blacktop Mojo
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • Traitors
  • Varials
  • Left To Suffer
  • Zao
  • He Is Legend
  • SeeYouSpaceCowboy
  • Afterlife
  • Sleep Token
  • No Resolve
  • Any Given Sin
  • The Lonely Ones
  • GFM
  • Vampires Everywhere!
  • Get The Shot
  • Silvertung
  • Vangogo
  • Burden Of The Sky
  • Dying Oath
  • Kings County
  • Lansdowne
  • Relent
  • Hollow Intent
  • Velvet Chains
  • Dead Fervor
  • Next Attempt
  • The Other LA
  • Frame 42
  • Two Sides Of Me
  • Last Nights Villain
  • Braincell
  • Preacher
  • We Demand Parachutes
  • Plainview
  • Noble Poets
  • Crystal Cages

Slipknot, Falling In Reverse, Queensrÿche, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • Slipknot
  • Disturbed
  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Lamb Of God
  • Alice Cooper
  • Tenacious D
  • Falling In Reverse
  • I Prevail
  • Stone Temple Pilots
  • Seether
  • Gojira
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Pierce The Veil
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Roll
  • Down
  • Nelly
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Nothing More
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Wage War
  • Pop Evil
  • Badflower
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Apocalyptica
  • Grandson
  • Spiritbox
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Hatebreed
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Queensrÿche
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Hoobastank
  • Buckcherry
  • Zero 9:36
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • Fit For A King
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Enter Shikari
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • Mushroomhead
  • The Plot In You
  • Alien Ant Farm
  • Texas In July
  • Like Moths To Flames
  • Counterparts
  • Stray From The Path
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • Dayseeker
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Tetrarch
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Nita Strauss
  • Sion
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • The Word Alive
  • Silent Planet
  • Siamese
  • Holding Absence
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Hollow Front
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Orbit Culture
  • Vended
  • Icon For Hire
  • Close Your Eyes
  • Dying Wish
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Alphawolf
  • The Dead Daisies
  • Blacktop Mojo
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • Traitors
  • Varials
  • Left To Suffer
  • Zao
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • Any Given Sin
  • No Resolve
  • The Lonely Ones
  • GFM
  • Vampires Everywhere!
  • Get The Shot
  • Silvertung
  • Vangogo
  • Dying Oath
  • Hollow Intent
  • Dead Fervor
  • Next Attempt
  • Last Nights Villain
  • Braincell
  • We Demand Parachutes
  • Crystal Cages

Disturbed, Stone Temple Pilots, Seether, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • Disturbed
  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Alice Cooper
  • Tenacious D
  • Lamb Of God
  • I Prevail
  • Stone Temple Pilots
  • Seether
  • Gojira
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Pierce The Veil
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Roll
  • Down
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Nothing More
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Wage War
  • Pop Evil
  • Badflower
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Apocalyptica
  • Grandson
  • Spiritbox
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Hatebreed
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Hoobastank
  • Buckcherry
  • Zero 9:36
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • Fit For A King
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Enter Shikari
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • The Plot In You
  • Alien Ant Farm
  • Texas In July
  • Like Moths To Flames
  • Counterparts
  • Stray From The Path
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • Dayseeker
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Tetrarch
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Nita Strauss
  • Sion
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • Silent Planet
  • Siamese
  • Holding Absence
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Hollow Front
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Orbit Culture
  • Vended
  • Icon For Hire
  • Close Your Eyes
  • Dying Wish
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Alphawolf
  • The Dead Daisies
  • Blacktop Mojo
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • Traitors
  • Varials
  • Left To Suffer
  • Zao
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • Any Given Sin
  • No Rescue
  • GFM
  • Vampires Everywhere!
  • Dying Oath
  • Braincell

Badflower, Apocalyptica, Fit For A King, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Alice Cooper
  • Tenacious D
  • Lamb Of God
  • I Prevail
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Role
  • Down
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Nothing More
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Badflower
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Apocalyptica
  • Grandson
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Hoobastank
  • Buckcherry
  • Zero 9:36
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • Fir For A King
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Enter Shikari
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • The Plot In You
  • Alien Ant Farm
  • Texas In July
  • Like Moths To Flames
  • Counterparts
  • Stray From The Path
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Tetrarch
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Nita Strauss
  • Sion
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • Silent Planet
  • Siamese
  • Holding Absence
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Hollow Front
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Orbit Culture
  • Vended
  • Icon For Hire
  • Close Your Eyes
  • Dying Wish
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Alphawolf
  • The Dead Daisies
  • Blacktop Mojo
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • Traitors
  • Left To Suffer
  • Zao
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • Any Given Sin
  • GFM
  • Vampires Everywhere!
  • Dying Oath
  • Braincell

Alice Cooper, I Prevail, Nothing More, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Alice Cooper
  • Tenacious D
  • Lamb Of God
  • I Prevail
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Role
  • Down
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Nothing More
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Hoobastank
  • Buckcherry
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Enter Shikari
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • The Plot In You
  • Texas In July
  • Counterparts
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Tetrarch
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Sion
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Orbit Culture
  • Icon For Hire
  • Close Your Eyes
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Alphawolf
  • The Dead Daisies
  • Blacktop Mojo
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • Left To Suffer
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • GFM
  • Dying Oath
  • Braincell

Knocked Loose, Whitechapel, Enter Shikari, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Tenacious D
  • Lamb Of God
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Role
  • Down
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Knocked Loose
  • Candlebox
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Buckcherry
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Whitechapel
  • Enter Shikari
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • Adelitas Way
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • From Ashes To New
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • The Plot In You
  • Texas In July
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Tetrarch
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Sion
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Norma Jean
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Icon For Hire
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Alphawolf
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • GFM
  • Dying Oath

Ice Nine Kills, Theory Of A Deadman, Starset, GWAR, Etc. Added To 2022 Blue Ridge Rock Festival

More bands have been added to this year’s Blue Ridge Rock Festival. The event will take place at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia on September 8-11 and the updated lineup can be found below.

Lineup:

  • 3 Doors Down
  • A Day To Remember
  • Tenacious D
  • Lamb Of God
  • Skillet
  • Anthrax
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Hollywood Undead
  • In This Moment
  • Motionless In White
  • Ice Nine Kills
  • Jelly Role
  • Down
  • Saliva (feat. Josey Scott)
  • Theory Of A Deadman
  • Sevendust
  • Starset
  • Black Veil Brides
  • Thrice
  • Sleeping With Sirens
  • In Flames
  • Jinjer
  • God Forbid
  • GWAR
  • Puddle Of Mudd
  • The Amity Affliction
  • We Came As Romans
  • Bad Wolves
  • Silverstein
  • Kittie
  • Shadows Fall
  • Story Of The Year
  • All That Remains
  • Buckcherry
  • Electric Callboy
  • Bad Omens
  • The Devil Wears Prada
  • Memphis May Fire
  • Suicide Silence
  • Fear Factory
  • Demon Hunter
  • Saving Abel
  • The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
  • Attila
  • Nonpoint
  • Hawthorne Heights
  • Lacuna Coil
  • The Union Underground
  • Chelsea Grin
  • Slaughter To Prevail
  • Red
  • Lacey Sturm
  • The Plot In You
  • Texas In July
  • Stick To Your Guns
  • A Skylit Drive (original lineup)
  • Cold
  • ERRA
  • The Acacia Strain
  • Bleeding Through
  • Crazy Town
  • Municipal Waste
  • Butcher Babies
  • Comeback Kid
  • Fit For An Autopsy
  • Terror
  • Fire From The Gods
  • Attack Attack!
  • Unearth
  • Darkest Hour
  • Kublai Khan
  • Smile Empty Soul
  • Otherwise
  • Crowbar
  • Upon A Burning Body
  • Redlight King
  • Volumes
  • Icon For Hire
  • (hed)p.e.
  • Islander
  • Small Town Titans
  • He Is Legend
  • Afterlife
  • Dying Oath
  • Norma Jean
  • From Ashes To New
  • GFM

Slaughter To Prevail’s Alex Terrible Issues New Statement Condemning Russian Invasion Of Ukraine

Slaughter To Prevail’s Alex Terrible has shared a new video message in which he condemns the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The frontman said the following:

“I’m making an official statement on behalf of the whole band, as the leader. I’m Alex Terrible and I play with Slaughter To Prevail, vocalist. We play deathcore/death metal and showing the guns and weapons and tanks in our video clips, and so on. Despite this fact, we against the war. We against any war. It is so hurt us to see what is happening right now in Ukraine. We have been in Ukraine many times for shows, and our last tour finished in Ukraine. Please do not make the whole Russian people an accomplice. I wish you a beautiful, peaceful sky above your head. Thank you for your attention.”

Russian Band Slaughter To Prevail Speak Out Against Ukraine Invasion: “No To War!”

Russia’s Slaughter To Prevail have taken to social media to denounce their homeland’s invasion of Ukraine. The band said the following:

“No to war! Our band has nothing to do with politics, we do not take sides. We are for all peaceful inhabitants of this world and for world peace. We do not accept ANY military action. We wish all of you and your loved ones, relatives and friends to stay safe and hope this nightmare ends as soon as possible.”

Slaughter To Prevail Reportedly Considering Legal Action Against Sumerian Records

According to Lambgoat, Slaughter To Prevail are considering the possibility of taking legal action against Sumerian Records. Frontman Aleksandr “Alex Terrible” Shikolai revealed the news to EarzOnFire, saying that the band are “on pretty bad terms” with the label.

Shikolai reportedly said the following [translated from Russian]:

“I was absolutely happy. I guess it was around 2015 and back then we were just starting out. Man, I was in a fool’s paradise. ‘We’re gonna sign with Sumerian and everything will be hunky-dory.’ But c’mon, you gotta be f*cking smart and legally competent to be able to sign the right contracts. We had no legal advisors, we had no one. We signed everything right away and right now we are on pretty bad terms with Sumerian Records. Most likely, we will sue them in order to terminate the contract and be able to move on our own. And by no means am I saying that they are bad, so-and-so. They gave us a huge head start, but it is us who made a wrong move building a relationship like this. We didn’t give a shit then. And now we seem to have grown a little wiser and kinda woke up, you know. The issue is pending right now.”

He continued when asked if Slaughter To Prevail have received “bigger offers” from other labels:

“Yes, sure there were. But now we’re embracing the idea of working independently and earning more money by moving on our own.”